Advanced trends of the modern development of psychology and pedagogy in European countries
Zozulia, I. Ye.
Stadnii, A. S.
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Since the second half of the 20th century, multicultural education has been treated as a separate branch of the education science. Decay of colonial systems triggered the process of racial and ethnical self-identity. Formerly colonized nations gained independence. New independent states fostered own customs, traditions, beliefs and outlook protecting national identity. These factors made it necessary to determine new values and commence the dialogue of cultures. Migration processes induced by economic, social, cultural and political conditions contributed the formation of multicultural surrounding. Migration strengthens intercultural connections. Globalization is important too. Breaking barriers between nations may result in elimination of cultural diversity. Multicultural education helps to extend international cooperation and business in the modern world. Active interaction implies communication between nations and cultures. Current globalization process intensifies intercultural cooperation. “Open society” admits new cultural values and ideas
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